The Systems of Education in the UK – English and Welsh Year Groups
In the initial segment of a progression of articles taking a gander at the training frameworks over the UK, the general structure of the school year for state financed schools in England and Wales will be considered. The structures and terms for schools under the Scottish, Northern Irish and Independent School frameworks contrast again and will be taken a gander at in future articles.
The sort and scope of schools through which kids go amid their training may shift contingent upon which part of the UK they experience childhood in, the nature of the schools in their area and their folks capacity to support their instruction. Be that as it may, for any schools getting state financing in England and Wales, the characterized schools years, and the prerequisites for training in each of those years, is set by the UK government and the Welsh Assembly separately.
The Year Groups
The school year in the England and Wales starts on 1 September and keeps running up until 31 August and is part into three terms: Autumn (up to Christmas), Spring (Christmas to Easter) and Summer (Easter onwards).
In spite of the fact that youngsters will as a rule advance through the school years relying upon their age(s) in the middle of those dates each year, it is conceivable to both skip years or rehash years if there is a need; if a tyke’s execution is above or beneath the level expected at their present age.
While it is not obligatory participation for a kid, the (state financed) school year framework starts with the Nursery year for youngsters who are three years of age. The framework closes with Year 13 (the fifteenth year altogether) for youngsters who hand 18 over the significant time period. School participation is just compulsory from the ages of 5-16 thus kids are required to enter school at some phase amid Reception (the second year), in the event that they haven’t as of now, while, at the flip side of the framework, they would then be able to pick regardless of whether to seek after their instruction in Years 12-13 (Further Education) once they’ve turned 16.
The third year of training is named Year 1 as it is the primary full school year in which kids are required to go to class having been acquainted with it in Reception (if not Nursery).
The Key Stages
To give a system to instructing and examinations the National Curriculum (for state subsidized schools) specifically utilizes the accompanying key stages to assemble these years together:
Establishment 1 – Nursery
Establishment 2 – Reception
Key Stage 1 – Years 1 and 2
Key Stage 2 – Years 3 – 6
Key Stage 3 – Years 7 – 9
Key Stage 4 – Years 10 and 11 (finishing off with GCSEs)
6th Form/College – Years 12 and 13 (finishing in A Levels or International Baccalaureate)
The Standard School Structure
The main Nursery year almost dependably includes the youngster going to an assigned Nursery school however after that the structure can change. The most widely recognized structure for the schools that a youngster will advance through in the resulting years is that of:
Newborn child School – Reception to Year 2 [Foundation Stage 2 and Key Stage 1]
Junior School – Years 3 – 6 [Key Stage 2]
Senior School – Years 7 – 11 [Key Stages 3 and 4]
6th Form/College – Years 12 and 13
Many schools, be that as it may, join the capacities above so the structure is rearranged into two levels to fit perfectly with the possibility of essential and auxiliary training:
Elementary School – Infant School and Junior School
Optional School – Senior School and Sixth Form
Some more conventional schools in the auxiliary training framework still allude to the Years 7 through to 11 in the more seasoned documentation as Years 1 to 5 (or First Form to Fifth Form) with the accompanying Sixth Form (Years 12 and 13) split into the Lower and Upper Sixth.
The Alternative School Structure
A less normal option structure sees a three level framework straddling essential and auxiliary training and the educational modules’ Key Stages with:
To begin with School – Reception to Year 4
Center School – Years 5 – 8
Upper School – Years 9 – 13
Kids can and do switch between schools following these structures as indicated by the open doors in their territory and it is especially normal, for instance, for youngsters to change to a Secondary School for whatever remains of their optional training once they have completed Middle School.
At last, the year bunches just give a system to decide how and when the National Curriculum and examinations ought to be actualized. There are in this manner many fluctuating sorts of schools even inside the above definitions, from Faith Schools to Academies to Grammar Schools, contingent upon different factors, for example, determination criteria and subsidizing.